|Hopkins Trivia what is the difference between PhD and DBA?

說到博士學位時, 不少人稱之為PhD, 亦有一部分人稱之為Doctorate degree。 到底博士學位是PhD 還是 Doctorate?

一般情況下, 博士學位 Doctorate 指的是The Doctor of Philosophy, 哲學博士, 簡稱Ph.D。 但在某些領域中, Doctorate 亦表示專業學位, 如醫學博士、工商管理博士或法律相關博士學位。

在美國, 哲學博士PhD多為研究型學術博士, 一般都是授予那些在知名學術刊物上發表過原創研究文章的學生。雖然哲學博士是在研究型學位中最為常見, 但亦有其他不同的學位如教育博士(Ed.D.) 、文學博士(D.A.)等。

而Doctorate 則多為專業博士, 學習的內容更多是專注於解決該領域中的問題, 例如工商管理學博士(DBA)、心理學博士(Psy.D.)等。與PhD不同, Doctorate學位在某些領域是終端學位, 但在其他領域可能是該學科的入門學位或入學條件。

無論是攻讀研究型博士或是專業型博士場學位, 亦需付出大量時間及精力, 因此學生應該根據自己的目標選擇適合自己的學位。

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