Hopkins - MBA Trivia: Cannikin Law

「木桶理論」(Cannikin Law)又稱為短板理論,是管理學上著名的理論。指用一個木桶來裝水時,如果組成木桶的木板參差不齊,那麼它能盛下的水的容量不是由這個木桶中最長的木板來決定的,而是由這個木桶中最短的木板決定的。

正如,一件產品品質的高低,取決於那個品質最次的零件;一個企業的整體質素高低,同樣取決於這個組織中普通員工的質素。

「木桶理論」可以衍生出3個推論:

-只要有一塊木板有缺陷,木桶就不可能裝滿水。當所有的木板都達到要求的高度時,木桶的容量才能達至最佳化

-不能將最短的木板丟棄,否則木桶在短期內便無法裝水

-缺陷或短處需要及時發現,再作出改善

管理人員在管理當中應該根據以上三個推論對企業作出改善或變革。劣勢決定優勢,亦同樣決定生死,這是市場競爭的殘酷法則。

領導者要有憂患意識,如果你所領導的集體中存在著「一塊最短的木板」,你一定要迅速將它將其補齊,否則只會拖「長木板」的後腿。若果領導者自身有哪些方面是「最短的木板」時,同樣要考慮儘快將它補齊。

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